Simbang Gabi, also known as Misa de Gallo or Night Mass, is a unique Filipino Christmas tradition deeply rooted in the country’s rich cultural and religious heritage. The term “Simbang Gabi” translates to “Night Mass” in English. This novena of dawn masses is celebrated in the Philippines in the nine days leading up to Christmas Eve, typically from December 16 to December 24.

Simbang Gabi is a Catholic tradition that dates back to the Spanish colonial era. It is a series of nine early morning masses in anticipation of the birth of Jesus Christ. The masses are held before sunrise, often starting as early as 4:00 or 5:00 AM. The series of dawn masses culminate in the “Misa de Aguinaldo” or the Christmas Eve Mass on December 24. This is the anticipated Christmas Mass that leads directly into the celebration of Noche Buena, the traditional Filipino Christmas feast held on Christmas Eve.

Despite the early hours, Simbang Gabi is celebrated with great joy and festivity. Churches are beautifully decorated, and the atmosphere is filled with the sounds of Christmas carols. After the mass, people often share traditional Filipino holiday treats and delicacies outside the church, creating a sense of community.

Simbang Gabi has agricultural roots, as it used to be a way for farmers to attend Mass before going to work in the fields. The timing of the masses allowed them to participate in religious observances while it was still dark, giving them the rest of the day for their agricultural activities.

Simbang Gabi is observed throughout the Philippines, and many Filipino communities around the world also celebrate it as a way to connect with their cultural and religious heritage.

Simbang Gabi is not only a religious observance but also a cultural phenomenon that brings communities together in the spirit of faith and celebration as they await the joyous occasion of Christmas.


Cover photo by Greenbelt Chapel, Sto. Niño de Paz

Additional Information

Read about Christmas in the Philippines. Check out the links below to learn how to discover more!

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