The Philippine cockatoo or red-vented cockatoo (Cacatua haematuropygia), locally called Katala, Kalangay, Abukay, or Agay, is a critically endangered parrot species native to the Philippines. It is around 12 inches long parrot with predominantly white plumage and a bright red-orange undertail and pale yellow underwing, which gives it a distinctive appearance. It has a strong and hooked bill that it uses for cracking nuts and seeds.
The Philippine cockatoo is considered one of the most endangered parrot species in the world. Its population has drastically declined due to habitat loss, illegal wildlife trade, and poaching for the pet trade. This species is primarily found in lowland tropical forests, mangroves, and coastal areas of the Philippines. Historically, it had a wide distribution across several islands, but it’s now mainly confined to a few remaining areas such as Palawan.
Various organizations like the Philippine Cockatoo Conservation Program and government agencies are involved in conservation efforts to save the Katala. These include habitat restoration, captive breeding programs, and community education to raise awareness about the bird’s endangered status. The island of Rasa in Narra, Palawan is one of several protected areas for the Philippine Cockatoo. The Philippine government has enacted laws and regulations to protect the Katala and other wildlife species. Trade in these birds is illegal, and there are penalties for those caught capturing or selling them.
These birds play a vital role in forest ecosystems as seed dispersers. They feed on a variety of fruits and disperse seeds, contributing to the regeneration of forests. Efforts to protect and conserve the Katala are ongoing, with the hope of preventing its extinction and ensuring that future generations can enjoy the sight and sounds of this remarkable bird in its native habitat. Conservation initiatives, such as breeding programs and the creation of protected areas, are crucial in these efforts.
Philippine Cockatoo Photo Gallery
Philippine Cockatoo Video
Read more about the Philippine Cockatoo and the Philippine Wildlife.