The Mounts Iglit-Baco National Park (MIBNP) is a protected area on Mindoro Island, Philippines. Established in 1970, it’s a haven for wildlife and a showcase of the country’s natural beauty.

MIBNP covers a vast 1,067 square kilometers of rugged terrain. It’s dominated by slopes, river gorges, and plateaus, with Mount Baco reaching 2,488 meters (8,163 ft) and Mount Iglit (Fungso Mangibok) at 2,364 meters (7,756 ft) . The park encompasses eight major river systems and boasts diverse habitats like grasslands and evergreen forests.

The park is a critical habitat for the critically endangered tamaraw, a dwarf buffalo found nowhere else in the world. Around 80% of the world’s remaining tamaraw population, roughly 500 individuals, roam within the park’s boundaries. MIBNP is also part of the Philippines Biodiversity Hotspot and a designated ASEAN Heritage Park, recognizing its regional importance for conservation.

MIBNP’s diverse habitats support a rich variety of plant and animal life. The park shelters several types of forests, including upland hardwood forests with species like Anthocephalus chinensis, Artocarpus blancoi, and Ficus nota. Additionally, it boasts rare trees like Kalantas, Tindalo, Almaciga, and Kamagong. The park is also home to the endangered Jade Vine.

Aside from the tamaraw, the park is home to various wildlife, including wild pigs, deer, civet cats, numerous bird species, and even the elusive Illin Island Cloudrunner, which hasn’t been sighted since 1953.

Mounts Iglit-Baco National Park is an adventurer’s paradise. Hike challenging trails with scenic views and lush forests. Observe the park’s diverse wildlife, hoping to spot the elusive tamaraw or a rare bird. Camp under the starry night sky and truly immerse yourself in nature’s beauty. You can even connect with the Mangyan communities who have lived within the park boundaries for generations and learn about their unique way of life.

MIBNP is a must-visit for nature enthusiasts and conservation advocates. With its unique geography, diverse wildlife, and vital role in protecting endangered species, the park offers a glimpse of the Philippines’ irreplaceable natural heritage.

Mounts Iglit-Baco National Park Location

The Mounts Iglit-Baco Natural Park (MIBNP) stretches across the south-central part of Mindoro Island in the Philippines, encompassing a vast area that crosses two provinces. In Occidental Mindoro, the park covers portions of the municipalities of Sablayan, Calintaan, Rizal, and San Jose. Meanwhile, on Oriental Mindoro, it reaches into the municipalities of Bongabong, Bansud, Gloria, and Mansalay.

Mounts Iglit-Baco National Park Location Map

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Cover photo by Allan S

Additional Information

Read more about the Island of Mindoro and its provinces. Check out the links below to discover!

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