Smith Volcano or Mount Babuyan in Calayan, Cagayan

Mount Babuyan or Smith Volcano ranks among the active volcanoes dotting the Philippines and most recently experienced eruptions in 1924. Also known as Mount Pokis, Smith is a cinder cone that is notably sparsely vegetated and reaches an elevation of 688 meters (2,257 feet), with a base diameter spanning 4.5 kilometers (2.8 miles). South of the volcano, one can discern layers of basaltic lava flows.

The volcano represents one of the likely five Pleistocene-to-Holocene volcanic centers scattered across Babuyan Island, also recognized as Babuyan de Claro Island, with Smith being the youngest among these volcanic formations. The most prominent on the island is Babuyan Claro, also known as Mt. Pangasun, an active stratovolcano. Smith Volcano is positioned approximately 4.3 kilometers (2.7 miles) away from Babuyan Claro.

Mount Babuyan (Smith Volcano) Location

Mount Babuyan, is situated on Babuyan Island, which is the northernmost island in the Babuyan group. This group of islands is located in the Luzon Strait, to the north of the main island of Luzon in the Philippines. The volcano is specifically within the jurisdiction of the Municipality of Calayan, which is part of the Cagayan province. Calayan administers the Babuyan Islands, excluding Fuga Island. Getting to Babuyan Island from Luzon typically involves taking a boat or ferry from Aparri, Cagayan.

Map of Mount Babuyan in Calayan


Cover Photo by Ines

Additional Information

Read more about Mount Babuyan or Smith Volcano and many more volcanoes in the Philippines.


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