Cagua Volcano, a towering stratovolcano in the Philippines, stands out in the Babuyan island chain of volcanoes. This active volcano boasts a caldera rimmed with two steaming fumaroles, offering a glimpse into the raw power of nature alongside breathtaking beauty. Reaching roughly 1,100 meters above sea level, Cagua’s most striking feature is its 1.5-kilometer crater with dramatic, sheer walls. Evidence of its fiery past is clear – the volcano has erupted twice in recorded history, most recently in 1907. The 1860 activity was likely a phreatic explosion, potentially followed by a pyroclastic flow.

Cagua Volcano presents a challenge for adventurous hikers seeking a unique experience. The trek to the caldera is demanding, but the rewards are worth the effort. Hikers are treated to panoramic views of the vast caldera itself, and the distant coastal towns of Cagayan. Smoke rising from certain sections of the trail adds to the volcano’s fiery atmosphere, giving rise to its nickname, “Mountain of Fire.”

Beyond the caldera rim, Cagua’s volcanic activity is further evidenced by six hot springs scattered across its flanks. Maasok lies closest to the crater, while others like Marafil, Manaring, San Jose, Kabinlangan, and Paminta dot the northwest and north-northeast sides. Cagua Volcano’s unique features make it a popular destination among local mountaineers and hiking enthusiasts, drawn to its challenging terrain and the spectacular views it offers.

Cagua Volcano Location

Cagua Volcano is located in Gonzaga, Cagayan Province. The volcano is in the Cagayan Valley Region of northern Luzon in the northernmost part of the Sierra Madre mountain range. The mountain is approximately 12 kilometres south of Gonzaga, Cagayan and 14 kilometres south of Port Irene in Santa Ana, Cagayan.

Cagua Volcano Location Map


Cover photo by Chiara

Additional Information

Read more about Cagua Volcano and other active volcanoes in the Philippines. Check out the links below to discover more!

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